The final event that caused tension leading up to the outbreak of violence in the Peloponnesian War was when Potidaea, a member of the Delian league, rebelled against Athenian control. The city-state built barricades to resist Athenian army occupation which incited rebellion all over in the region in Chalcidice and Bottiaea.
unentopom.tk The Athenians sent troops into the region by ship, but they were also fighting the Macedonians in the same region and had difficult time suppressing that revolt. When Athens ultimately made a treaty with Perdiccas, the Macedonian leader, they were then turned-on by the Macedonians as they began fighting side-by-side with the Corinthians, who had come to the defense of the Potidaeans.
The Peloponnesian war (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. Thucydides famously claims that the war started “because the Spartans were afraid of further growth of Athenian power, seeing as they did have the greater part. The Peloponnesian War pitted the Athenians against the Spartans. As Thucydides says in his history of the war, the underlying cause was Spartan fear of Athens' expansive power. But, the triggering event was Athens' aggressive behavior towards Corinth, an ally of Sparta.
Despite their recent setbacks, the Athenians were able to gain control of most of the region upon the arrival of reinforcements. Corinth called a meeting of the Peloponnesian assembly at Sparta because they saw that their own citizens were now trapped in Potidaea. Almost immediately following this meeting the Peloponnesian decision was to declare war because the complaints against the Athenian Empire were deemed irreconcilable. The Spartan and Peloponnesian demanded that the Athenians withdraw from Potidaea and that all the city-states in northern Greece be given their freedom.
Despite the declaration of war, three ambassadors were sent to Athens over the course of winter in attempts to declare peace; however, neither side could come to a resolution. Free Online Research Papers The biggest database of essays and research papers on the internet. Home Contact Us My Account.
The Peloponnesian war was long awaited by Thucydides; in fact there were many reasons and events leading up to the start of military aggression. No Comments. Category: History. What are Colonoscopies? Think Tanks and Special Interest Groups. Each man provided his own gear so it was fairly non-uniform, and often friendly troops would fail to recognize one another.
The control of these reources was very important to Athens as a whole due to the area around the city not being suitable for producing a abundant supply of crops. Each man provided his own gear so it was fairly non-uniform, and often friendly troops would fail to recognize one another. Sparta and the Peloponnesian League followed the Athenian rejection with a declaration of war. Their work was to propose legislation and give advice relating to the existing problems as the circumstances may require. They had remained with less than five hundred talents in Search Support Articles. Document Details.
The primary weapon was a spear, around 2. After an alliance of Greek states stopped an attempted invasion of the Greek peninsula by the Persian empire, several of those states formed the Delian league in BC in order to create and fund a standing navy which could be used against the Persians in areas under their control. Athens, the largest member of the league and the major Greek naval power, took the leadership of the league and controlled its treasury. Over the following decades, Athens was able to convert the Delian league into an Athenian empire.
This increase in Athenian military power allowed it to challenge the Lacedaemonians commonly known as the Spartans , who, as leaders of the Peloponnesian League, had long been the sole major military power in Greece. The Athenian navy intervened in a dispute between Corinth and Corcyra, preventing Corinth from invading Corcyra at the Battle of Sybota, and placed Potidaea, a Corinthian colony, under siege.
The Athenian Empire also levied economic sanctions against Megara, an ally of Sparta. These sanctions, known as the Megarian decree, were largely ignored by Thucydides, but modern economic historians have noted that forbidding Megara to trade with the prosperous Athenian empire would have been disastrous for the Megarans. The decree was likely a greater catalyst for the war than Thucydides and other ancient authors realized, more so than simple fear of Athenian power.
As the war began, Sparta and Athens each took advantage of their military strengths. Sparta, with its much larger army, ravaged Attica the territory around Athens while the Athenian navy raided cities on the Peloponnesus.
This strategy lasted for two years. Meanwhile Pericles death in left the democracy prey to hostile factions and reckless leaders who pursued their own advantage.
Most of the leaders were warmongers who insisted on vigorous prosecution of the conflict. Chief among these select few was Alcibiades, who was as irresponsible as he was brilliant. Slowly, however, the fortunes of war changed. Sparta, under its general Brasidas, scored significant victories at Chalcidice and Amphipolis.
Both were serious losses for Athens. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.