This explains the clustering of first-generation migrants.
Additionally, these ties can help to overcome a hard start-off in a new country with a foreign language or even troubles to find a job by using nepotism. Secondly, the participation in associations like churches, clubs, or voluntary organizations helps to connect people and make them feel to be part of the society. Economy forms the third key point of feedback for belonging. A person feels integrated, if he or she has the same job opportunities as the majority of the host society, as well as promotion prospects.
Discrimination is present as soon as the local economy does not have any interest in a particular part of the population. Political participation and power can also reinforce the feeling of belonging. The fifth key point describes cultural belonging: The strengthening of culture can either raise a feeling of belonging or alienation.
Shared symbols and traditions can unify people, but they might also alienate migrants from the rest of the nation. Rituals like citizenship ceremonies can encourage the feeling of belonging. Safety is another key point of feedback. The possibility of physical threat has a big impact on the feeling of affiliation, regardless of the general or discrimination-motivated crime. The physical environment, like pleasing buildings and green spaces, can make people feel comfortable or depreciated.
Everyday public services create patterns of community in cities. This may also include the teaching of the Koran for Muslim children. Your home is your castle. Therefore, it is important to feel welcome by your landlord and tenants. The last key point of feedback is a matter of law.
On the other hand there is a need for new laws, e. Nevertheless, law can also encourage belonging by issuing special rights for particular groups cf. Mulgan, Summing up, not all of these factors have to be fulfilled for a person to feel affiliated to a nation or community. Nevertheless, each of these features should be taken into account.
Moreover, Mulgan considers groups, who turn from a very week belonging to very strong affiliation, to be the most dangerous ones. He states, that isolated people more likely turn into targets of extremist political leaders. In this way misrecognition can cause serious damage cf. The term social integration describes the inclusion of an individual into an established system. Hence, it can be considered as the basis of development for hybrid identities. Esser specifies four dimensions of social integration, quasi host culture adoption: Acculturation as the acquisition of knowledge and skills especially language forms the precondition for the second step - emplacement.
This means the taking over of social positions and the concession of rights. Both features build the fundament for the next two dimensions. Thirdly, interaction as entry in social relations in everyday life serves to form bonds in the country of residence.
Esser, , p. This so called social integration does not necessarily mean the rejection of the ethnic culture. Furthermore, Esser distinguishes four possibilities of social integration:. Preconditions are the proficiency of both languages as a key factor; also access to both cultural groups has to be ensured. A high educational level and financial security were also observed to have a positive correlation with multiple integration.
Take inspiration from these sample thesis statements for belonging essays. All of these thesis statements can be used as starting points for. To include the thoughts of belonging, half way there and not I'm looking for a short, approximately 1 - 2 sentence thesis on the concept of belonging. .. heritage, place, points of view, socio-economic status and culture.
Marginalisation as a second possibility defines the distance from both cultures at the same time. This can never be the aim of integration. The third option of social integration represents assimilation. It describes the full adoption of the host culture. Finally, segmentation designates the full identification and socialisation inside the ethnic surrounding.
This means maintenance of the culture of origin without adoption of the host culture.
Hence, only multiple integration gives the opportunity to develop a so called hybrid identity as further explained. The migrant rather feels affiliated to both places with both cultures.
Formal religions have developed as a means by which communities of people have given voice to their primal spiritual experiences Tacey, In contrast, Newcomers do find some characteristics of churches appealing. The differences between the two views of conversion are summarised in the following table: Table Perspectives on Conversion Classical Perspective Contemporary Perspective Conversion is sudden Conversion is gradual Middle adolescence too late adolescence Late adolescence to early adulthood Emotional, suggestive Intellectual, rational Stern theology Compassionate theology Passive Active Release from sin and guilt Search for meaning and purpose Emphasises intra- psychological processes Emphasises inter-psychological processes Source: Spilka, et al. The framework also highlights the importance and relevance of the research questions. Check the proper preparation of the Abstract of the manuscript, including Keywords.
Sometimes one cannot even declare a special localisation as being his or her home, but there might be an imagined home. The same applies to citizenship cf. Here, the term hybridity describes cultural overlapping of oppositional logics of action bound together to new patterns cf. Hybrid identities float in between. On the one hand they can experience alienation of the culture of origin and the loss of meaning concerning traditional values and norms. A research objective is often more clearly focused when posed as a question. Both primary and secondary objectives should be clear.
You should include only strictly pertinent references, and not add data or conclusions apart from the work being presented. This section should include information on the materials used during the study and on the methods followed, including data related to sample size calculation, with the selection and description of participants, procedures for assessment and intervention, and statistical analyses.
You should clearly describe the selection of the subjects who have been observed or who have received the experimental treatment patients or laboratory animals, including controls , specifying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, providing data related to the sample size calculation, and describing the source population of the study subjects. Since it is not always clear how important variables such as age and sex are for the purpose of the research, authors should explain their use when they are included in the study.
For example, authors should explain why they only included individuals of certain ages or why they excluded women or men, if such were the case. The main objective should be to articulate how and why the study was conducted in a particular way. When authors use variables such as ethnicity or race, they should define in what manner they measured those variables and also, justify their revelance. Identify the used methods and devices provide brand, model, and manufacturing country, in parentheses , and procedures, with enough details to allow others to reproduce the results.
You must give the references for usual methods, including statistical methods see below ; you should provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published, but are little known; and you should describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons why they were used, and evaluate their limitations. You should identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic names, doses and routes of administration, etc. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing bibliographic data.
These methods should also be summarized in the Abstract. You should describe the statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify your results. When possible, you should quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty such as confidence intervals. You should avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as the use of p-values, which do not give information on the magnitude of the effect.
You should also define statistical terms, abbreviations and most symbols. You should specify the statistical software used. You should present the results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and figures, noting firstly the most important findings. You should use graphics as an alternative to tables that have many entries and you should not duplicate data in graphs and tables. You should avoid throughout the manuscript non-technical uses of statistical terms, e.